Monitoring and predictive maintenance involve tracking certain processes and/or assets without directly controlling or impacting them.
Monitoring and predictive maintenance refers to the monitoring of certain processes and/ or assets, but without immediately impacting the processes themselves (in contrast to a typical closed-loop control system in factory automation, for example). This includes, in particular, condition monitoring and predictive maintenance based on sensor data. Example use cases  include massive wireless sensor networks, and remote access and maintenance. Communication services for monitoring and predictive maintenance are limited to a local service area (both indoor and outdoor). Interaction is required with thepublic network (e.g. for service continuity, roaming, etc.).